Inguinal hernia, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), lactose intolerance, microscopic colitis, bowel ostomy surgery, pancreatitis, and peptic ulcers (stomach ulcers) Digestive disorders encompass a variety of diseases that range from mild to severe. Common digestive disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, and hiatal hernia. The gallbladder is a small sac that stores bile, which the body uses during digestion. Gallstones are small stones that form in the gallbladder.
In most cases, a person may not know that they have gallstones, since they usually don't cause any symptoms. However, people may have symptoms if gallstones form in front of an opening in the gallbladder. Gallstone treatment may include surgical removal of the gallbladder or a procedure in which a health professional will remove gallstones from the bile duct. While gallstones often don't cause any symptoms, they can lead to serious complications.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition that causes the body to attack the intestinal lining if a person eats foods that contain gluten. Unlike non-celiac gluten sensitivity, celiac disease is a serious condition that can damage the intestines if left untreated. The main treatment for celiac disease is to follow a gluten-free diet. The sooner doctors can diagnose celiac disease, the sooner they can recommend dietary and medicinal treatment options.
People who have recurrent symptoms of celiac disease should contact a doctor for evaluation. In addition to making daily life difficult, chronic diarrhea can be an indication of a more serious problem that may require medical intervention and should be evaluated by a medical professional. Chronic constipation is generally defined as having fewer than three bowel movements a week for three weeks or more. It can also be the case that the stools are hard and difficult to evacuate.
And just like diarrhea, the cause of chronic constipation can be difficult to diagnose. Treatment for the condition can begin with over-the-counter remedies, such as stool softeners and fiber supplements. Adding more fluids to your diet, that is, water, can help. If they don't provide relief, your doctor may recommend some type of exercise to strengthen the muscles that move stools through the intestines.
Gastroenteritis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection in the intestine. Bacterial infections can be caused by E. coli or salmonella, while viral infections may include rotavirus or the infamous cruise ship scourge, norovirus. About three-quarters of people age 45 and older have hemorrhoids.
These small, inflamed rectal veins are due to several causes, from straining during bowel movements (see chronic constipation, above) to family history or simply spending too much time sitting on the toilet. They are also very common during pregnancy. Digestive system disease, any of the diseases affecting the human digestive tract. These disorders can affect the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), pancreas, liver, or bile ducts.
A prevalent digestive system disorder is gastroesophageal reflux disease (i.e., liver cirrhosis is mainly due to excessive alcohol consumption), but it can also develop after infection with the hepatitis C virus. Other common diseases of the digestive system include peptic ulcers, colorectal cancer, and gallstones. Many digestive system disorders can be prevented with a low-fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables, limited alcohol consumption, and regular medical exams. Digestive disorders are a group of conditions that occur when the digestive system doesn't work as it should.
For a detailed description of the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system, see Human Digestive System. .