Bowel problems, such as polyps and cancer, infections, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, malabsorption, short bowel syndrome, and intestinal ischemia. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer and hiatal hernia. The digestive system, comprised of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder, helps the body digest food. Digestion is important for breaking down food into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth, and cell repair.
Digestive disorders encompass a variety of illnesses that range from mild to severe. Common digestive disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, and hiatal hernia. The gallbladder is a small sac that stores bile, which the body uses during digestion. Gallstones are small stones that form in the gallbladder.
In most cases, a person may not know that they have gallstones, since they usually don't cause any symptoms. However, people may experience symptoms if gallstones form in front of an opening in the gallbladder. Treatment for gallstones may include surgical removal of the gallbladder or a procedure in which a health professional will remove gallstones from the bile duct. While gallstones often don't cause any symptoms, they can lead to serious complications.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition that causes the body to attack the intestinal lining if a person eats foods that contain gluten. Unlike non-celiac gluten sensitivity, celiac disease is a serious condition that can damage the intestines if left untreated. The main treatment for celiac disease is to follow a gluten-free diet. The sooner doctors can arrive at a diagnosis of celiac disease, the sooner they can recommend dietary and medicinal treatment options.
People who have recurring symptoms of celiac disease should contact a doctor for evaluation. Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed or swollen. There are many possible causes of gastritis, which can last from short periods to many years. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
Children, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems can become seriously ill. Gastroparesis is a rare condition in which the stomach cannot empty its contents without apparent signs of any obstruction. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Non-ulcerative dyspepsia occurs when patients suffer from indigestion and other symptoms that suggest an ulcer, but no abnormality is found after investigation.
Peptic ulcers are a break in the surface lining of the stomach or duodenum deep enough to produce a crater. It can also be found in the esophagus or small intestine. In addition to making daily life difficult, chronic diarrhea can be an indication of a more serious problem that may require medical intervention and should be evaluated by a medical professional. Chronic constipation is generally defined as having fewer than three bowel movements a week for three weeks or more.
It can also be the case that the stools are hard and difficult to evacuate. And just like diarrhea, the cause of chronic constipation can be difficult to diagnose. Treatment for the condition can begin with over-the-counter remedies, such as stool softeners and fiber supplements. Adding more fluids to your diet, that is, water, can help.
If these don't provide relief, your doctor may recommend some type of exercise to strengthen the muscles that move stools through the intestines. Gastroenteritis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection in the intestine. Bacterial infections can be caused by E. Coli or Salmonella, while viral infections can include rotavirus or that infamous cruise ship scourge, norovirus.
About three-quarters of people age 45 and older have hemorrhoids. These small, inflamed rectal veins are due to a variety of causes, from straining during bowel movements (see chronic constipation, above) to family history or simply spending too much time sitting on the toilet. They are also very common during pregnancy. Digestive disorders are a group of conditions that occur when the digestive system doesn't work as it should.