Common digestive disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, and hiatal hernia. While it's common for people to experience acid reflux and heartburn from time to time, having symptoms that affect daily life or that occur at least twice a week could be a sign of GERD, a chronic digestive disease that affects 20 percent of Americans, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). If you experience persistent heartburn, bad breath, dental erosion, nausea, chest or upper abdominal pain, or have problems swallowing or breathing, see your doctor. Gallstones are hard deposits that form in the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped sac that stores and secretes bile for digestion.
According to the American Gastroenterological Association, nearly a million Americans are found to have gallstones every year. Gallstones can form when there is too much cholesterol or waste in the bile, or if the gallbladder doesn't empty properly. When gallstones block the ducts that lead from the gallbladder to the intestines, they can cause sharp pain in the upper right part of the abdomen. Sometimes medications dissolve gallstones, but if that doesn't work, surgery to remove the gallbladder is the next step.
An estimated 1 in 133 Americans (approximately 1 percent of the population) has celiac disease, according to Beyond Celiac (formerly the National Foundation for Celiac Awareness). The group also estimates that more than 80 percent of people with celiac disease don't know they have it or have been misdiagnosed with a different condition. However, some people may not have any symptoms. The only treatment for celiac disease is to completely avoid eating gluten.
Common alternatives to gluten include brown rice, quinoa, lentils, soy flour, cornmeal, and amaranth. Ulcerative colitis is another inflammatory bowel disease that can affect up to 907,000 Americans, according to the CCFA. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are very similar to those of Crohn's disease, but the part of the digestive tract affected is only the large intestine, also known as the colon. Medications can suppress inflammation and can also help eliminate foods that cause discomfort.
In severe cases, treatment for ulcerative colitis may include surgery to remove the colon. About 10 to 15 percent of people around the world suffer from IBS, and of that percentage, up to 45 million people with IBS live in the United States, according to the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. The signs of irritable bowel syndrome can vary widely, from having hard, dry stools one day to loose, watery stools the next day. Swelling is also a symptom of IBS.
Bright red blood in the toilet bowl when you defecate could be a sign of hemorrhoids, which is a very common condition. In fact, 75 percent of Americans over 45 years old have hemorrhoids, according to the NIDDK. Small pouches called diverticula can form anywhere where there are weak spots in the lining of the digestive system, but they are most commonly found in the colon. If you have diverticula but don't have symptoms, the condition is called diverticulosis, which is quite common among older adults and rarely causes problems.
By age 50, about half of people have diverticulosis, according to the American Gastroenterology Association. However, in about 5 percent of people, the bags become inflamed or infected, a condition called diverticulitis. Symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, and abdominal pain. Obesity is a major risk factor for diverticulitis.
Functional diseases are those in which the gastrointestinal tract looks normal when examined, but does not move properly. These are the most common problems affecting the gastrointestinal tract (including the colon and rectum). Constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), nausea, food poisoning, gas, bloating, GERD, and diarrhea are common examples. This digestive disease is also classified as an immune system disorder.
Celiac disease is triggered by eating foods that contain gluten. There is no cure for celiac disease, but most people can promote intestinal healing and mitigate the frequency and severity of symptoms if they follow a strict gluten-free diet. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. With this disease, abnormal immune system reactions cause chronic inflammation and painful ulcers on the inner lining of the large intestine.
Ulcerative colitis is more likely to develop in people between the ages of 15 and 30, but it can be diagnosed at any age. There is no cure for ulcerative colitis, but many people experience extended periods of remission without active symptoms. Crohn's disease can be extremely painful and debilitating, and sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. Celiac Disease Chronic Viral Hepatitis Liver Cirrhosis Liver Cirrhosis Constipation Gas and Bloating Gallstones Heartburn Hemorrhoids Hepatitis CIBDIB Pancreatitis.
Read on for an overview of 10 common digestive disorders, including their symptoms, causes, treatments, and prevalence in the United States. If you have heartburn or acid reflux more than a couple of times a week, you may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). PUD affects nearly 15 million adults in the U.S. UU.
That's approximately 6% of the adult population. Stomach flu or, more precisely, viral gastroenteritis is an infection of the intestines. Some common symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and cramps. Although commonly used, the term “stomach flu” is not medically accurate.
The virus affects the intestines, not the stomach, and the “flu virus” doesn't cause it. Norovirus is the most common cause of stomach flu. It causes 19 to 21 million cases of viral gastroenteritis each year in the U.S. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity affects around 6% of the population.
True celiac disease affects less than 1%. IBD, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, affects about 3 million people in the U.S. People sometimes confuse irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with IBD. Irritable bowel syndrome is a group of symptoms, including abdominal pain and changes in bowel movements, that occur at least three times a month for three consecutive months.
Symptoms may include bloating, diarrhea, constipation, and mucus in the stool. About 12% of people in the U.S. Chronic constipation affects about 63 million people in the U.S. Hemorrhoids are common and affect about 1 in 20 people in the U.S.
Half of those over 50 have them. In the U.S. More than 70% of people over 80 years old have it. Of people who have diverticulosis, less than 5% develop diverticulitis.
About 25 million people in the U.S. You have gallstones, but not all of these cases are problematic. You should always consider seeing a gastrointestinal specialist to help answer any questions you may have about the health of your digestive system. Digestive disorders affect the organs of the digestive system, including the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas, among others.
Digestive diseases are disorders of the digestive tract, which is sometimes referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. When imbalances occur in the functioning of the digestive system, they can cause various digestive conditions. Common causes of constipation include dehydration, not getting enough fiber in the diet, and certain medications and health problems that can slow down the digestive system. It also includes the salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, which work to produce digestive juices and enzymes that aid in the digestion process.